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Brunei-Malaysia Forum 2016


The Brunei-Malaysia Forum was held in the Senate Room of Chancellor Hall, UBD, on 16-17 November 2016.

In total, there were 34 presentations by staff and students from Universiti Brunei Darussalam and the University of Malaya.

Guest of Honour and Invited Guests during the Opening Ceremony

Below are a few brief overviews of some of the presentations that were given duing the Brunei-Malaysia Forum.

Blessing Gweshengwe of UBD gave a paper entitled 'Is there congruity between the conventional poverty measures & contemporary conceptualisation of poverty?'

In his presentation, he considered a traditional measure of poverty, the Income-based Poverty Line (IPL), which attempts to make a simple estimate of income required to provide basic needs, and compared it with a more modern measure, the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), which is based on ten factors, including nutrition, schooling, electricity, and sanitation.

Mahazril ‘Aini Yaacob and Dr Siti Hajar Abu Bakar of the University of Malaya gave a paper entitled 'Can we own a home? Road to independent living'.

In their presentation, they discussed issues which create a barrier to home ownership for young people in modern Malaysia, based on a survey carried out in Shah Alam in June 2016.

The chart on the right suggests that HSC7, representing 'high housing price', consistutes the greatest challenge, while HSC2 ('lack of financial assistance') is regarded as less problematic.

Nur Muhammad Sufi Bin Redzwan of UBD gave a paper entitled 'A Comparison of Rhoticity between Brunei and Singapore English'.

Rhoticity describes an accent in which [r] is pronounced in words such as four and hard. This can be detected acoustically from a falling third formant, shown in the yellow circle in the image on the left.

The research showed that about 50% of UBD undergraduates recorded about seven years ago had a rhotic accent; while almost no Singapore undergraduates recorded in about 2000 exhibited rhoticity.

Manimegalai A/P Ambikapathy and Assoc. Prof. Dr. Hasmah Zanuddin of the University of Malaya gave a paper entitled 'Visual Framing of the “Lahad Datu” conflict coverage in Malaysian mainstream newspapers'.

Lahad Datu was invaded in February 2013, leading to a bloody conflict. The graph on the left compares the images of this conflict in various newspapers. It can be seen that Utusan Malaysia and The Star both included images of the families of the victims (the yellow bars), while Sin Chew and Nanban eschewed such images, prefering instead to show pictures of soldiers (the grey bars).