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    Globalisation, Migration and Diaspora

    About us

    Globalization

    Scope
    Globalization is commonly defined as the integration of communities, nations, or states in order to share economic development, culture, and knowledge. This compacts the planet, giving rise to the concept of the global village. In the globalization trajectory, the velocity of globalization in the twenty-first century is not the same as the momentum of globalization in the twentieth century. Globalization today entails a new trade geography, weakened Western hegemony, and an increase in multipolarity. There are claims and evidences today that the trend of globalization is steadily shifting from North-South to East-South trade and finance relations.

    The current condition of globalization begs the question of how and why nations/states should or should not embrace globalization: to what degree do trading blocs have an effective and practical response to globalization? What influence does globalization have on the culture of a conservative society?

    What are the World Trade Organization, foreign aid, and trade? What is the relationship between gender and globalization? How do underdeveloped economies deal with capitalism? Is the emergence of East Asia and other newly industrialized economies just another chapter in the rise and fall of nations, as well as a reshuffling of capitalism? Is it advancing, sustaining, or halting neoliberalism? Is Asia's rise co- or inter-dependent with neoliberal globalization? What effects does globalization have on global inequality? What are the tools for promoting globalization? Is globalization bad for African morality? What impact does globalization have on your job?

    Focus
    The interplay of globalization and development; the influence of globalization in Asia and beyond; global dimensions of development; development theories; perspectives of rural, urban, and regional development; global governance, environment, health, and population; poverty measurement, Global South and Global North; gender, and women's political participation are some of the key areas covered by globalization.

    Trends in commerce, finance, international institutions, hegemony, inequality, social movements and struggles, cultural shifts, and ecological dynamics are all part of the new globalization. Hereunder are the current focus of globalization indicating some of the dimensions of future research.

    Trade: There has been a tremendous growth in East-South trade leading to ‘new trade pacts.

    Global value chains: Viewed in terms of global commodity chains, the role of emerging economies in East Asia, China, India, Russia and Brazil appears to be more limited.

    Finance: The current imbalances in the world economy (American overconsumption and trade and current account deficits and Asian surpluses) are unsustainable and are producing a gradual reorganization of global finance and trade.

    Institutions: The 1990s architecture of globalization (The IMF, World Bank and WTO) is now fragile and the influence of emerging economies is growing.

    Hegemony: Arguably, what is taking place, rather than hegemonic rivalry, is global repositioning and realignments toward growing multi-polarity.

    Social struggle and inequality: The crisis of global inequality are rural crises and urban poverty in emerging economies, chronic poverty in the least developed countries. In advanced economies social inequality is growing as well.

    Social movements: International NGOs are increasingly important in articulating social demands influencing policy changes. They also act as watchdogs of international institutions.

    Cultural change: Overall trends are towards the growing hybridization of cultural patterns. Geopolitical conflicts and resource wars in many arenas produce local political backlashes.

    Ecological changes: Climate change and global warming necessitate global collective action.

    Health: As borders become weaker, people and goods are increasingly free to move, creating new challenges to global health. These cannot be met by national governments alone but must be dealt with instead by international organizations and agreements.



    Diaspora and Migration

    Scope
    Human migration is a centuries-old phenomena that dates back to the dawn of time. In recent years, migration has arisen as a key political and policy concern in areas such as integration, displacement, safe movement, and border control. There were an estimated 244 million international migrants worldwide in 2015 (3.3 percent of the world's population), up from an estimated 155 million in 2000 (2.8 percent of the world's population). Internal migration is much more common, with the most current global estimate estimating that over 740 million people traveled within their own country of birth. This means that one in every seven people in the globe is a migrant, and many more are impacted by migration in a variety of ways.

    The concept of Diaspora undeniably promises a wide comprehension of the complete range of ramifications that result from the reality of today's massive movements of people, goods, ideas, pictures, technology, and finance. Diaspora, in today's public debate, refers to an awareness of the dynamic relationships between homelands and host nations from the perspective of people who have moved, whether voluntarily or involuntarily. Diaspora highlights the inevitable lived experience of many migratory populations in negotiating forms of existence and self-understanding that are frequently transnational and transcend national boundaries. The dynamics of co-ethnic identification, the politics of homeland and host nation, and the intergenerational shifts in reactions to all of these are essential to Diaspora studies.

    Focus

    Migration and Development: Migration is recognized as a significant factor for the achievement of the three pillars of sustainable development – economic, social and environmental.

    Cultural and integration: Migration has contributed to the diversity of cultures, ethnicities and races in the countries of destinations.

    Gender and migration: Scholars have declared feminization to be a core dimension of the new age of international migration and globalization. Women migrate as much as men. Migration creates empowerment trade-offs for individual women and girls, and between different groups of women and girls.

    Migration and remittances: Migration and remittances have both positive and negative effects. For some countries, remittances became an important source of foreign exchange. At the household level, remittances enable families to spend more on education and health. Migration however has a negative social impact, including the exploitation and abuse of workers.

    Immigration and policy: Immigration legislative and administrative policies, legal statutes, and regulations collectively shape nations' immigration systems.

    Security and migration: The securitization of migrants and migration is nothing new. However, the perception of migration as a threat to national security has certainly heightened in recent years.

    Migration and Translocality: In recent years, there has been a coalescing of interest surrounding the notion of translocality, which increasingly appears in geographical work on transnationalism. A growing number of scholars from different research traditions concerned with the dynamics of mobility and migration.

    Cultural reproduction: Social reproduction entails physical and socialization processes to ensure ‘the creation and recreation of people as cultural and social, as well as physical human beings.

    History of population mobility: Migration and mobility have been a distinctive feature of human history, and human history is the history of human mobility. Human beings have crossed cultural and political borders as well as natural obstacles in the process.

    Migration and political systems: Migration policy is often the subject of intense political debate and can be based on populist sentiments. Whatever a country’s specific history, it is clear that the formulation of policies to regulate the entry, residence, and departure of foreigners will loom large in the century.

    Migration governance: Global migration governance can be characterized by a fragmented tapestry of institutions at the bilateral, regional, inter-regional, and multilateral levels, which vary according to different types of migration.


    Research Areas

    Researchers in this cluster will focus on contemporary debates, issues, and, phenomena relating to the complexities of migration, diaspora and globalization. For more information on the activities of this cluster, please contact Ahsan Ullah (ahsan.ullah@ubd.edu.bn).

    Opportunities for Postgraduate Studies

    The Globalisation, Migration and Diaspora cluster welcomes applications for Postgraduate studies: Master of Arts (MA) by Research and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in areas relevant to its research areas. Cluster members’ research interests can be found on their profile page.

    For more information on research group members, you can find links to their respective staff profiles below. You can also view their profiles on the UBD Expert website.

    Cluster Members (Universiti Brunei Darussalam)